Urdu Poetry and The Hamd & Naat Sharif
As we know that Urdu language is called the language of poets and poetry. We find Urdu poetry in many forms and each form is distinguish its loveliness and charm. The history scripts recalls that with the origin of poetry started the Hamd and Naat. The Hamd and Naat are also the two forms of Urdu poetry. Famous Urdu Naats as a Little baby reciting Naat “ay sabz gunmbad waley manzoor dua krna” and “Terey hotey janam lia hota”
Hamd; a song or a poem written in prais of GOD (Allah Almighty) is called the Hamd. Allah’s word or prais to Allah are the meanings of Hamd. The hamd is taken form the holy Quran, the book of Allah.
Naat; a poetry that specially written to praise the messenger of GOD Prophet Muhammad SAW is called Naat. In urdu it is known as Naat sharif. Naat Shareef is poetry to the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, Who was the last Prophet of GOD. It is a religious poetry usually written in all local languages.
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Naat Sharif: A Powerful Part of Islamic Culture
It is very difficult to trace the history of Naat. It is difficult to find when it was exactly started. In Arab, during the time of Muhammad S.A.W the poetry was an influential part of their culture. Poets held very respectable positions in Arab culture at that time. There had been special poets for each tribe that write and recite that poetry. Poets who recite Naat, called as naat khwan.
Hazrat Hassan ibn e Thabit R.A was known as Shair-e-Darbaar-e-Risalat, had the honor of being the first poet of Islam. Acoording to history, even before accepting islam Hazrat Hassan ibn e Thabit R.A was a poet. After embracing Islam, he gave a new shape to his poetry and started writing Naats. He defended Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W and The religion Islam by giving response in poetry to the poets who attacked Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W and the religion Islam. Therefore he is known as the first poet and Naat khwan in Islamic history.
“Tala al Badru Alay na” is believed to be one of the earliest naat which recited when the people of Madina received Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W when He S.A.W migrated from Makkah to Madina. After that many a poets dedicated their lives towards writing of naats and followed this trend. A famous Urdu Naat “Terey hotey janam lia hota”
تیرے ہوتے جنم لیا ہوتا
کوئی مجھ سا نا دوسرا ہوتا
سانس لیتا تو اور میں جی اٹھتا
کاش مکہ کی میں فضا ہوتا
تیرے حجرے کے آس پاس کہیں
میں کچہ راستہ ہوتا
میں بھی ہوتا تیرا غلام کوئی
لا کھ کہتا ، نہ میں رہا ہوتا